Rebuilding Local Seed System of Native Crops in Earthquake Affected Areas of Nepal
Authors: Bal Krishna Joshi, Devendra Gauchan
The April 25 earthquake (with 7.6 Richter scale) and its subsequent aftershocks have had both direct and indirect impact on people’s livelihoods, agriculture and agrobiodiversity. The major effect of disaster was in remote hills and mountains where production system was rainfed, risk-prone, subsistence and people’s livelihoods depended on agriculture and biodiversity of traditional crops. According to the estimates of the Post Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA) of the Government of Nepal, the total value of direct and indirect impact of the earthquake to Nepalese economy was close to USD 7 billion, equivalent to one-third of country’s GDP. The agriculture sector suffered total damage and loss of USD 255 million, with maximum losses (86%) in mountainous and hilly areas of affected areas. The earthquake had also secondary effects triggering human and nature induced landslides, land degradation, flooding, drying up of water sources, avalanches and disease epidemics. It also have had long-term negative impact on agricultural and national development through the loss of productive labor force, infrastructure, forced outmigration and disruption in supply chains and earning potentials of people.
Keywords: Agriculture, Direct and indirect impact, Earthquake, Rescue mission, Loss of crop biodiversity